Answer offered by Seymour Hersh about Benghazi gets little public attention
“Benghazi” is one of those kneejerk labels that rightwing folksÂ slap on a story they don’t actually understand but have determined the “right” answer to anyway. It’s aÂ hot button, not an argument, like the “IRS scandal,” which the right is finally beginning to admit it got wrong because it ignored the law as written. “Fast and Furious” is another ofÂ some two dozen, mostly less-well-known rightwing thought substitutesÂ that aren’t supported by persuasive evidence (meanwhile, the scripted herd of Obama-haters pretty much remains silent about real Obama administration scandals, like civilian murder by drone or massive global surveillance, the sorts of things that throwthe left into denial).
The latest explanation of “Benghazi” comes from a non-partisan reporter, so that’s a start, and it provides a credible framework for most of the anomalies associated with Benghazi. Even better, official spokes-people universally either refused to comment Â on the story, or denied it flatly. So there’s hope.
“Benghazi” as a political story began with the Obama administration’s strangely dishonestÂ early responses to the killing of fourAmericans in LibyaÂ on September 11, 2012. The story got legs when Republican Presidential candidate Mitt Romney immediately falsified what the administration was saying, and was followed by just about every Republican who’s talked about it since perpetuating one lie or another. Nobody has seemed interested in the truth, which especially makes sense from a Republican perspective, since “Benghazi” provided a handy rhetorical cudgel with which to pound the table and the president in order to appear “tough.” But why has the Obama administration remained so opaque, tossing out one red herringÂ after another for Republicans to gleefully chase, but still not offering a persuasive narative?
Even when Fox News commentatorÂ Charles KrauthammerÂ recently told Republicans to give up on Benghazi – “the public is now tired of it” – he was still clinging to the party line that there was a real scandal to be found somewhere, even though neither he norÂ anyone elseseemed to know what it could be even though they were sure it was “worse than Watergate.”
If some truth about Benghazi is available, does anyone want to know?Â
So far, every report –Â from CongressÂ and the executive branchÂ andÂ most mediaÂ – has come t5o conclusions withÂ serious critiquesÂ that fall short of scandal. Despite a variety of shortcomings andÂ contradictionsÂ in the administration’s responses since September 2012, none of the investigations has produced a credible, fact-based explanation for the administration’s obviously misleading response at the time or its apparent stonewalling since. This changed on April 6, 2014, when the London Review of Books published “The Red Line and the Rat Line,” a long article by Seymour Hersh, focusing on evidence that the sarin nerve gas used in Damascus in August 2013 was likely afalse flag gassingÂ by rebel forces made to look like it was done by the Syrian government, in order to fool the United States into attacking Syria.
Hersh’s analysis of how Turkish and Syrian agents almost managed to dupe the United States into going to war based on a lie (they’d seen that work before, right?), is the focus of his article, in which Benghazi is only a tangential element. The “Libyan spring” began in Benghazi and anyone who wanted to know could easily learn that the region was hot with jihadists among anti-government rebels.
By early 2012, Libyan President Muammar al-Gaddfi had been overthrown and killed. The U.S. had established a foothold in the Libyan turmoil. The U.S. also had access to Gaddafi’s significant weapons cache, which was largely unneeded in a Libya already awash in arms. But those weapons had other uses, one of which was to support the rebels in Syria trying to overthrow Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.Reportedly, Turkey was already operating the Benghazi airport, primarily to fly humanitarian aid to Syria, but also toÂ smuggle armsÂ to the rebels. Since the U.S. and Turkey both wanted Assad gone, the CIA helped set up a more extensive, covert supply line to those rebels. As Hersh reports:
“The fullÂ extent of US co-operation with Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar in assisting the rebel opposition in Syria has yet to come to light. The Obama administration has never publicly admitted to its role in creating what the CIA calls a ‘rat line’, a back channel highway into Syria. The rat line, authorised in early 2012, was used to funnel weapons and ammunition from Libya via southern Turkey and across the Syrian border to the opposition. Many of those in Syria who ultimately received the weapons were jihadists, some of them affiliated with al-Qaida. (The DNI [Director of National Intelligence] spokesperson said: ‘The idea that the United States was providing weapons from Libya to anyone is false.’)”Â Â
Libyans attacked both the consulate and the CIA safe house in 2012
CIA director David Petraeus apparently ran the rat line operation (his spokesperson denies there was such an operation) at the same time the FBI was investigating his extra-marital operations. (The CIA secretly coordinated its activities with Britain’s MI6.) Coincidentally or not, Turkish mediaÂ reported an unscheduled meeting in Ankara between Petraeus and “his Turkish counterpart onSept. 2Â in Istanbul during which the spy chiefs discussed the Syrian crisis and the Arab republic’s possible transition process,” without providing further detail other than noting that this was the CIA director’s second visit to Ankara in six months. The Turkish report noted that a month earlier, U.S. and Turkish delegations met to discuss how “to coordinate ongoing efforts to extend humanitarian aid to Syrians and to produce a common road map to shape a possible post-Baathist era. The meetings also raised the issue of the need for a smooth transition in Syria to avoid chaos in the country in the event that President Bashar al-Assad’s government collapses.”
Equally circumstantial, and despite earlier security warnings, the U.S. ambassador to Libya, Christopher Stevens, had come to Benghazi for a dinner meeting with the Turkish Consul General Ali Sait Akin on September 11, 2014, , reportedly for a discussion of furtheringweapons transfers. The attacks started later, afterÂ 10 p.m., leaving the ambassador and three other Americans dead. Soon after that, the CIA role in the rat line operation was severed, but the operation continued with the shell companies that had been established (staffed with American mercenaries), and with British, Turkish, Saudi, and Qatari backing. Whether another covert American agency replaced the CIA is uncertain.
Running for re-election in 2012, President Obama is unlikely to have wanted to disclose an ongoing covert operation, especially one which was politically dangerous, since it was arming Syrian rebels of all stripes, including jihadists, who were supported by Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar. Worse for the Obama administration, the operation was arguably illegal, and at best controversial. According to Hersh:
“The operation had not been disclosed at the time it was set up to the congressional intelligence committees and the congressional leadership, as required by law since the 1970s. The involvement of MI6 enabled the CIA to evade the law by classifying the mission as a liaison operation”¦. for years there has been a recognised exception in the law that permits the CIA not to report liaison activity to Congress, which would otherwise be owed a finding. (All proposed CIA covert operations must be described in a written document, known as a ‘finding’, submitted to the senior leadership of Congress for approval.)”
What’s better than watching Republicans chase imaginary wild hares?
Even today, disclosure is limited by official secrecy. Much of Hersh’s information comes from a “highly classified annex” to the January 2014 Senate Intelligence Committee report on Benghazi. Distribution of the annex was limited to eight ranking Congresspersons and the staff who wrote it. Hersh says he has not seen the annex but has talked to one or more people who have. According to them, the only purpose of the Benghazi consulate was to provide cover for the nearby CIA station and its gun running operation.
Given all that, what better tactic could the Obama campaign find in 2012 than letting Republicans make up and chase down imaginary conspiracy theories, only to come up empty time and again? Â Yes, the Obama administration ended up looking suspicious: incompetent, disingenuous, or dishonest. But that’s a political hit that seems far easier to take than what might have resulted from telling the truth in all its detail.
The CIA/gun-running aspect of Benghazi has been part of the story pretty much from the start, reinforced by the September 14Â London TimesÂ report of the arrival in a Turkish port of a 400 ton arms shipment on a Libyan ship, “The Victory” with a captain from Benghazi. The story was picked upÂ by Business Insider, which proceeded to run with it – in the wrong direction if you assume that the most important question was whether Ambassador Stevens knew there were Libyan arms going to Syria. At the same time, Paula Broadwell, by then known as the CIA director’s mistress, publicly suggested that the attack on the CIA annex in Benghazi was meant to free Libyan prisonersÂ there, a story plant that has the feel of a deliberate wild goose chase (which of course the CIA “adamantly denied”). By May 2013, Business InsiderÂ was again focusing on the Libyan weapons freighter and quoting Kentucky Republican Senator Rand Paul, on the same day that he announced he was “considering” a run for the presidency in 2016, telling CNN:
“I’ve actually always suspected that, although I have no evidence, that maybe we were facilitating arms leaving Libya going through Turkey into Syria”¦. I never have quite understood the cover-up — if it was intentional or incompetence — but something went on. I mean, they had talking points that they were trying to make it out to be a movie when everybody seemed to be on the ground telling them it had nothing to do with a movie”¦. Were they trying to obscure that there was an arms operation going on at the CIA annex? I’m not sure exactly what was going on, but I think questions ought to be asked and answered.”
Perhaps the clearest, and most vitriolic, expression of the Benghazi gun-running plot came from rising rightwing celebrity blogger Katie Kieffer of Minnesota, whose April 29, 2013, post began:Â “Liberals don’t want honest Americans like you to have guns. Liberals just want to arm foreign rebels in crapshoot attempts to ‘end global violence.’ But liberals feign ignorance when the rebels they arm end up being criminals who kill innocent Americans like the late U.S. Ambassador to Libya, Christopher Stevens.”Â In other words, the new rightwingBenghazi memeÂ came down to this: Obama gave weapons to some jihadists– some jihadists killed Americans in BenghaziÂ Â– therefore Obama is a murderer – and, no, we don’t have any evidence for that.
“Benghazi” outbursts continue, but most media ignore Hersh’s claims
A year later, as some 70 demonstratorsÂ prepared to protest Hillary Clinton’s satellite appearance at a San Diego healthcare event, the current rightwing version of Benghazi goes like this:
“Is it not inconceivable to you that a Muslim terror attack, on the 11th anniversary of 9/11, that resulted in the death of four Americans, would not only go uninvestigated but alsoÂ unpunishedÂ as well? That is exactly what the Obama White House is doing. President Obama and then-Secretary Of State Hillary Clinton allowed a Muslim terror attackÂ against the US Consulate in Libya to occur unchallenged, while they watched it in real-time on White House satellite feeds. Then Obama started firingÂ staff to perpetuate the coverup.”
The assertion that they “allowed a MuslimÂ terror attack” derives from an anonymous claim that unnamed sources gave unspecified warnings that the consulate was in danger. The “satellite feeds” refer an anonymous report that two drones, one replacing the first, observed the attacks and had the capability to send signals the White House could receive. The “staff firing” reference is about thePetraeus resignationÂ after his extra-marital affair became public.
Hersh’s story has had little orÂ no coverageÂ in mainstream media, which were pretty much of one mind that the sarin attacks of 2013 were the work of the Assad regime, because they bought the official story that no one else had the capability to do that. Hersh’s article castscredible doubtÂ on that assumption of certainty, and provides a more plausible motivation than whatever self-destructive impulse was assigned to Assad. Much of the Twitter backlash against Hersh is merelyÂ ad hominemÂ sputtering and their debunkings of Hersh’s debunking of the official version of events were inconclusive, as Interventions WatchÂ wrote: “The article has caused much consternation among those people in the corporate media and the NGO community who are 100% certain that the Assad regime was responsible for the attacks.”
So now there are new Benghazi questions coming from new directions:
”¢ Is it possible that the Benghazi attack was orchestrated by the Islamist president of TurkeyÂ for the sake of freer rein in helping Syrian Islamist rebels?
”¢ How much credence should be given to the YouTube recordingÂ ofÂ Turkish officials discussing a false flag operation designed to provoke aÂ war between Turkey and Syria? (Turkish officialsÂ have not denied the authenticity of the recording, but they claim it was manipulated and have shut down the YouTube site in Turkey.)
”¢ Have the arms shipments from Libya to Syrian rebels included anyÂ chemical weapons? Or biological weapons?
”¢ What did the White House know, Â and when did the White House know it?