The century old Rule of Capture in Texas, which says landowners can pump as much water as they want, is being challenged in court. Water wonks are watching this potentially landmark case closely.
Our water laws are a confusing, contradictory mish-mash. In California, water is apportioned carefully and pumping is monitored while in Utah, you buy water rights and if you don’t use your allotment, you can lose it. Every state has their own rules, as do municipalities and water districts. Madness.