Pete Domenici (R-NM) is calling for recycling of nuclear waste in the US. Many other countries already do this. If you’re going to have nuclear power, why not use as much of the fuel as possible? There are currently 31 application for new nukes in the US, which will no doubt create monumental opposition as well as support.
Nukes are not a long-term solution, but they do produce huge amounts of cheap no-carbon energy. Oddly, recycling the fuel then makes it become weapons grade, so secure storage is certainly problematic. Matthew Simmons, investment banker to the energy business, says nukes take so long to build and so much carbon is emitted in doing so, that they need to run for decades to become carbon-neutral again.
No easy answers here.