Credit rating agency Standard and Poor’s rates nations vulnerability to climate change based on population living below 16 feet elevation, how climate change will affect their agriculture, and whether the country is preparing. This is not a theoretical exercise. Sooner or later these findings will impact bond ratings. Countries at higher risk will pay more interest on their bonds, insurance comapnies will pay more in claims, and utilities will be negatively impacted.
Interestingly, the US, Canada, and Europe are among the least affected areas. India and Indonesia are among the most severely threatened.