Fair use and blogging, effect upon work’s value

From Wikipedia on Fair Use

The fourth factor [the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.] measures the effect that the allegedly infringing use has had on the copyright owner’s ability to exploit his original work. The court not only investigates whether the defendant’s specific use of the work has significantly harmed the copyright owner’s market, but also whether such uses in general, if widespread, would harm the potential market of the original. The burden of proof here rests on the defendant for commercial uses, but on the copyright owner for noncommercial uses.

Hmmm, does this mean the criteria is less stringent for a blog like this that has no ads and doesn’t take contributions than it would be for a blog making $5,000 a week from BlogAds? Anyone know?

If I copy a graphic image from a photographer’s site to my blog, then it then gets blogged everywhere to the point that sales for his artwork drop, then my copying would almost certainly not be fair use. This seems much more obvious when copying artwork, but applies just as much to the written word too.

  • I’ve often wondered how this applies to cartoons. Is one cartoon an entire work, or a “fair use” small excerpt of the entire body of work of a particular cartoonist? Obviously if I publish the cartoon of a daily cartoonist every day, that wouldn’t be fair use. But if I publish such a cartoon once, or once a month, is that fair use? I wrote to Tom Tomorrow once to ask him his thoughts, but he never answered.

  • Bob

    Either on EFF or FairUseNetwork they mentioned graphics. If you copy a cartoon, add commentary, or mash it up, then that can make it “transformative” and thus more fair use.

    With Tom Tomorrow, I suppose you could copy a cartoon, then have the click on the cartoon go to the Amazon listing of all his books for sale. Not that this would means more fair use, but would be helpful to the artist. has pro editorial cartoons available. $10 for a one time printing on a website. I’ve used them.

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